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There is insufficient evidence to suggest an increased risk of cervical cancer in individuals with PCOS.[1],[2]

There are a variety of known risk factors for cervical cancer:[3]

  • Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV), a group of >150 related viruses, some of which are high-risk types which are strongly correlated with cancers when the infection does not clear up by itself and becomes chronic;

  • Use of tobacco;

  • A compromised immune system, for example due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or taking medication to suppress the immune system for an autoimmune condition;

  • Infection with Chlamydia, a relatively common type of bacteria that can infect the reproductive system;

  • Long-term use of oral contraceptives (OCs) / hormonal contraceptives (HCs);

  • Having more than 3 full-term pregnancies or being younger than 20 for first full-term pregnancy;

  • Poor access to healthcare including cervical cancer screening and HPV immunization;

  • Biological mother’s use of diethylstilbestrol (DES), a hormonal drug used in the past to prevent miscarriage; and

  • Family history of cervical cancer.

Reviewed by Dr. O, one of Neuraura’s friends and trusted advisors.


Thyia is a digital clinic that transforms cervical screening into a comfortable and convenient process.  Thyia’s mission is to eradicate the 99% of cervical cancers caused by HPV.


Want to learn more about hormonal changes related to PCOS? 

Complications – Cancer

PCOS and Cervical Cancer

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